Judge Dredd is a fictional character who appears in British comic books published by Rebellion Developments, as well as in a number of movie and video game adaptations. He was created by writer John Wagner and artist Carlos Ezquerra, and first appeared in the second issue of 2000 AD (1977), a weekly science-fiction anthology. He is that magazine's longest-running character. Joseph Dredd is an American law enforcement officer in the dystopian future city of Mega-City One. He is a "street judge", empowered to summarily arrest, convict, sentence, and execute criminals. The character of Dredd is well known and his name is sometimes invoked in discussions of police states, authoritarianism, and the rule of law.